Energy White Papers
(Click Any Below)
Asset Decommissioning in Utilities: Transforming The Business
Energy Performance Contract Financing as a Strategy: Improving Energy Efficiency and Reducing Taxpayer Burden
Innovations and Opportunities in Energy Finance
Energy Down, Momentum Up: A study of the current levels of energy-efficient equipment investment, affordability, and relevant financing techniques
Managing Utility Capital Projects Using Enterprise Project Portfolio Management Solutions
Power in Turkey: Rewiring the Grid: the State, the Market, and the State of the Market
Centralized and Distributed Generated Power Systems - A Comparison Approach
Control technology has changed a lot since the average power plant entered service. Yet, most of these units still have long useful lives ahead of them. Upgrading to a new distributed control system can solve equipment obsolescence issues and extend the life of a plant well into the future. It’s important, however, to evaluate the available technology, and select the best system and configuration to meet not only budget and schedule constraints, but also performance and security needs.
Utilities face serious difficulties from increased cyber and physical security threats. Learn how to use NERC-CIP security standards to develop and implement a plan that establishes and maintains a strong physical security profile for electric utility sites. By following these standards and implementing modern physical security technology available today, utilities can deter, detect, delay, assess, communicate, and respond to physical security threats in ways that far surpass those of even a few years ago.
Switching to energy-efficient LED lighting is common among businesses today. But power generation facilities face unique challenges. Whether its coal, natural gas, other types of fossil fuels, or nuclear, typical LED products do not work well or last for a long time in a hot environment.
Facilities Managers and Plant Supervisors need to be informed before replacing lighting in their plants in order to not waste time or money. MyLEDLightingGuide has experience helping power generation facilities convert to LED.
This guide tackles three of the top lighting problems power generation facilities face:
1. The challenge hot environments create for lighting
2. The cost of engineering studies alone can be a deterrent to upgrade to LED
3. Bright security lighting is paramount
This guide also gives some guidance on selecting, ordering, and installing the right high temperature high bay or flood lights for that high-temperature environment.
A variety of factors contribute to power utilities feeling the pinch, and mobile solutions offer one way to cut costs by improving operations while extending service capabilities to customers. Mobile tech can increase front-line operator and field tech utilization, improve real-time communication with dispatchers, and connect faster with customers. Field technicians also can respond proactively to operational events with access to data such as asset information, maps and diagrams, and customer information. Because utilities typically have assets spread across a wide geographical area, none of that can happen without strong, reliable connectivity. Loss of connectivity can severely hamper field work functions.
This paper touches on how utility workers use mobile devices and describes advantages of Panasonic Toughbook rugged devices over consumer-grade models.
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) brings significant opportunities to power generation along with some unique challenges around integrating distributed, intelligent devices into plants. To better understand these obstacles and explore how IIoT devices can complement the existing industrial control systems, Zpryme surveyed organizations that generate power from sources such as wind, solar and natural gas. In this report, we explore how companies are integrating IIoT devices, what are the challenges they face and the benefits they are getting from leveraging this technology.
Covers the leading cause of lubricant-related equipment failure, measuring contaminants in your oil, how clean does oil need to be, the benefits of clean oil, how new oil gets contaminated, the best way to reduce contaminate-caused wear, and much more. Download the free paper now to find out more.
Learn How to Enhance Combustion Turbines to Profits Under New Market Rules
CTs are the modern fossil fuel workhorse
Combustion turbines (CTs) have become the stars of most utility generation fleets. They are cleaner and faster to respond than their coal-fired counterparts and have been the technology of choice for new assets over the last 20 years.
Are your CTs Renewable Ready?
However, the increase in generation from renewable assets has created additional opportunities for CTs. Renewable sources variable output can be nearly instantaneous, creating new demands for system operators. One reflection of this new need is the emergence of 5 minute dispatch in the energy markets.
A Modern, Modular Solution is Required
This article presents a technology engineered to equip existing CTs with rapid response capability while reclaiming capacity currently unattainable due to the ambient operating temperatures or altitude of the CTs’ site.
A major power generator was having a premature tube failure in the feed water heater of its 400 megawatt pulverized coal plants. The nature of the problem seemed to be: hot spots in the water wall and inconsistent water flow. To test their theory they measured the temperature of the hot spots, but measuring the flow of the return water was harder. They did not want to cut into the pipe and the return water was steam condensate under pressure, with temperatures running around 650°F. The issues continued when they discovered air in the line, damaged tubes, and uneven flow. The solution: FLEXIM’s WaveInjector designed to combat high temperatures. Download this white paper to find out how this meter helped to solve the problem.
The target is on the back of industrial control systems (ICS) within the power and process industries. The number of attacks, as reported by the Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT), has increased fourfold since 2010. Control systems at industrial facilities present a more attractive target to hackers as they offer a greater opportunity to exert control over the plant and cause potentially catastrophic damage. The attacks are growing in sophistication as hackers become more knowledgeable about the proprietary systems at the center of plant operations.
The challenge the industry now faces is hardening ICS cybersecurity before a potentially devastating attack occurs. In this paper, we will discuss the current state of cybersecurity in the industry and best practices for implementing a comprehensive ICS cybersecurity strategy.
Industry experts David Batz, senior director of Cyber and Infrastructure Security at Edison Electric Institute, and Jason Haward-Grau, chief information security officer at PAS Global, discuss how leaders in the power and O&G industries are addressing compliance and cybersecurity standards.
Driving Efficiencies Throughout Your Shutdown, Turnaround and Outage Event
Understanding STO events are a core part of your business. Oracle’s Primavera Shutdown, Turnaround and OutagesSolution has been developed to support the transformation of your STO business by proving a predictable solution that supports scope, cost, schedule, risk and change throughout the STO event lifecycle.
This paper will examine how EDR should extend to proprietary endpoints, what security controls have the greatest effect on reducing risk for these cyber assets, and what best practices apply.
Security is a concern for anyone in today’s power generation marketplace. Intense global economic competition, geopolitical uncertainty and the “hacking economy” mean threats today are more pervasive than ever.
Enterprise project portfolio management is mission critical to the utilities industry and is driven by billions of dollars in capital investments. These large-scale projects, if they fail, have an impact on their company and their share price. Incremental gains are the key to managing risk in this rapidly evolving industry. EPPM provides that full end-to-end capability to support the capital asset life-cycle –- from planning, building and construction, operation and maintenance, to decommissioning.
Efficient condenser operation is critical to minimizing the operating costs and improving the performance of a turbogenerator unit or power plant. Efficient condenser performance is recognized by an improvement in heat rate and generation capacity, less fuel is consumed and a significant reduction in CO2 emissions can be achieved.
For any successful organization, a key attribute is providing employees with a healthy workplace environment. In demanding control room areas, employees are often required to sit tethered to their consoles and workstations for extended periods of time. Over the years, studies have shown that sedentary lifestyles-whether at work or home-can cause pain, fatigue, stress and other detrimental conditions. Movement throughout the day is very important as it helps keep the spine, circulation and muscles healthy when compare to prolonged inactivity, which can have adverse effects. Obviously, it can have a tremendous impact on worker productivity.
Are inefficient steam environments hurting your bottom line? Steam production in commercial industries can represent 10-60% of total energy consumption, so efficiency is vital. With effective instrumentation solutions, plants can reduce fuel consumption, lower maintenance costs, and recover valuable energy and resources.
Global competition and volatile markets are creating a challenging business climate for project based firms which leave them with little room for error when managing projects. Utility companies have their own individual challenges when it comes to managing their asset’s lifecycles, but one area that is often overlooked or pushed off until the last minute is the decommissioning phase of their assets.
Optimize your shutdown, turnaround and outage (STO) performance. Based on the experiences of almost 200 respondents, this report will explore STOs among asset intensive companies. Specifically, how Best-in-Class companies view STOs as enterprise wide events, which are critical to success. Discover how to achieve operational excellence by reading this report.
Explosions in a power generation facility can cause catastrophic damages, worker injury, and even death. It is crucial that accelerometers and pressure sensors be intrinsically-safe with low currents and/or voltages. But do you know which specific intrinsic safety certification is right for your application? Check out this definitive guide for more information.
Maintaining clean condenser tubes is of vital importance for reliable, efficient power generation. Two major problems result from fouled tubes: (1) Loss of heat transfer, and (2) Under-deposit corrosion. Early identification of fouling characteristics and a fundamental knowledge of cleaning system capabilities are essential in determining the most effective cleaning technology. This paper discusses the common causes of condenser tube fouling and the practical application and innovation of cleaning technology. State-of-the-Art methods for off-line mechanical tube cleaning are presented, and their effects on tube condition examined.
A clearly defined LOTO process is mandatory in all plants, be it manual or automated. Most people recognize time savings in accomplishing complex tasks as the real advantage in ‘automation’. Automation implies taking a complicated labor intensive manual process and making it more efficient and effective. However, for LOTO, the question is not merely ‘will it save time’ or ‘will it save money’? The real question is: can software make the process safer? There are lives at stake; there is no room for ‘bugs’ or ‘technical difficulties’. The good news is: the answer to both these questions is “yes”.
Being alerted to issues before they become production downtime is key to more consistent power production at greatest fuel savings. But how can you gain visibility across the myriad of new and vintage assets in a power generation environment? Bord Gáis Energy’s 445-megawatt gas combined cycle power plant at Whitegate provides power to 10% of Ireland. Download this GE Asset Performance Management Customer story and see how Bord Gáis saved 25% fuel savings as a result of their use of sensors, Big Data and diagnostic analysis to engineer greater reliability into their operations. See how you can get connected and reap the benefits of more reliable operating assets.
Utility executives worldwide face a precarious balancing act: how to plan, build, and operate assets within an increasingly challenging business environment. Utilities face massive upgrades to aging infrastructure, so an increase in the number of capital projects in the near future is certain. The loss of institutional knowledge resulting from widespread workforce retirements within the next decade, however, leaves the current workforce at a disadvantage in managing these planned capital projects. Effective software solutions that equip utility staff – both at the executive and project level – to manage each stage of the project lifecycle will play a key role in addressing these challenges.
Savvy utility company CIOs frequently ask themselves if their technology is helping them meet their goals or simply adding to the challenges of an already complex industry. If you’re one of those CIOs, you’re probably working hard to find new and better ways to meet those challenges using technology to connect and improve every aspect of your business. If you want to learn how your utility can use technology to connect with consumers, equipment and employees better than ever before, download our new white paper “Winning Strategies for Maximizing Operational Efficiency and Customer Service for Utilities and Green Energy Companies.”
Mega-projects have become commonplace in the oil and gas industry. Offshore oil and gas development increasingly tilts toward the mega-project scale because of the burgeoning exploratory success the industry is enjoying in ultra-deep waters, where development projects costs routinely run into the billions and schedules can span half a decade or more.
With budgets in the billions, timelines spanning years, and life cycles extending over decades, water and power projects present enormous management challenges for the organizations sponsoring them. Oracle helps utilities rise to these challenges – and reap the corresponding rewards – by providing an enterprise project portfolio management (EPPM) solution that gives them visibility into and control over every aspect of their operations.
Process manufacturing companies in the oil and gas, utilities, chemicals and natural resource industries rely on proprietary infrastructure to run their operations. Much of this infrastructure is rapidly aging, thus increasing the risk of failure. Subsequent disruptions hamstring operations and impede opportunities for growth, with the impact of these interruptions felt worldwide. As a result, executives in these industries must make tough decisions about where, when and how much to invest in infrastructure upgrades.
Nat Gas and Power sectors are on a path of convergence in terms of reliable electricity supply across the American mainland. Reliable electricity supply is key driver in the power sector with marginal cost power markets where firm vs non firm gas supply with bilateral contracts is the means for monetization and supply in gas market. Yet growth projections of gas demand are primarily driven by gas fired generation expansion in power sector to fill gap between potential coal retirements and intermittent renewables from public policy mandates.
Asset intensive organizations, like those in the Utilities sector, have their own industry specific challenges when it comes to managing their asset’s lifecycles, but one area that is often overlooked or pushed off until the last minute is the decommissioning phase of their assets. Leaders in the industry turn to three areas to transform their business – Risk and Financial Management, Operational Excellence, and Innovation.
This report from the Aberdeen Group explores the challenges that those in asset intensive industries face when it comes to managing their asset’s lifecycles. Leaders in this industry turn to three areas to transform their business – Risk and Financial Management, Operational Excellence, and Innovation.
It seems that just about everyone is looking for more power. As our dependency on electricity continues to grow, so does the need to design larger back-up generation systems. The transition from low voltage to medium voltage on-site generation is influenced by a mix of economic and system design considerations including: cabling distance, bus capacity, fault current capacity, switchgear cost, genset cost, and utility interconnection and integration configurations.
Elemental analysis is one of the most important tests on an oil analysis report. It determines concentrations of wear metals, contaminants, and oil additives in a sample. When reviewing metals on an oil analysis report, it is important to determine what procedure was performed to obtain the results as the value and accuracy can vary between procedures.
Mitigation is defined as, “to make milder, less severe or less violent”.
When applied to electrical workplace safety, arc flash mitigation involves taking steps to minimize the level of hazard and/or the risk associated with an arc-flash event. The most effective arc flash safety programs look to incorporate “safety by design” through Engineering Controls.
Reliability Centered Maintenance managers at power generation plants use sensors & condition monitoring to keep their critical rotating machinery, such as pumps, motors, and cooling fans, running. Not only is it critical to monitor industrial machines, but it’s just as critical to choose the right monitoring instrumentation to do the job.
So, how do successful RCM teams go about choosing the right sensor?
Given that electricity prices present a long-term upward trend, the imperative for greater energy efficiency is becoming more urgent. While regulation and legislation do have some effect in forcing change in the business community, a compelling business case — with clear methodology, reliable return on investment and financial efficiency — is much more powerful.
Traditionally, the choice between diesel-fueled and gaseous-fueled generators has been relatively straightforward. Power density as well as capital cost advantages in large-kilowatt applications typically favored diesel for standby power of 150 kilowatts of electricity (kWE) or more—large commercial and industrial standby applications.
This eBook shows how project portfolio management solutions can help utility company optimize and operate projects for success, by providing real-world answers to your toughest challenges.